In East Java, at an altitude of 2392 meters and covering the massive Sandsea Caldera, the still-active Bromo Volcano is located. It is still dwarfed by the nearby Semeru Volcano on its southern side, which at 3676 meters is the highest Javanese/Indonesian volcano.
The Tengger people’s lives are still very much directed by the customs that have been handed down by their ancestors for generations. Shamans play an important role in implementing indigenous ceremonies marking birth, marriage, health, death and other life-changing events. In short these Shamans are crucial counsellors in overcoming life’s problems. In this sense, they are often considered to be more important than official elected leaders.